Propagation Through Stem and Leave Cuttings
Plant propagation through stem and leaves is one of the simplest methods. For this method, you will need to cut off a stem with a few leaves from below the node. Make sure you cut it with a clean shear without damaging the end too much. Next, this cut off stem will need to develop roots. This can be done quickly by leaving the cutting in water till you see the roots form post which you can transfer it to the soil. Some roots can also directly be propagated by planting them in the soil. In these cases, you may need to add some rooting powder to the soil in order to encourage root growth.
Plant Propagation Through Root Division
Certain houseplants like Boston Ferns and Snake plants have multiple stems. For such multi-stemmed plants, the root division method of propagation is perfect. For this kind of reproduction, take the plant from its pot and tug at the stem gently to separate the roots. In case you are unable to untangle the roots, cut through with a sharp knife with one swift movement. Separate and re-pot the plant in evenly moist soil. Keep out of bright light and ensure that the soil remains evenly moist till the new plants develop.
Propagation Through Pups
‘Pups’ are miniature offshoots created by certain plants on themselves. These ‘pups’ are natures own way of helping with propagation. To propagate pups into their own plants, wait till the offshoot is about three inches in size. Using a sharp knife, cut off the offshoot and plant them directly in their own pot. Ensure that these newly planted pups have the right favourable conditions, and they will grow into a new independent plant.