Grasses are hardy and also great for giving all year round effect. They look fantastic. You can go for evergreen Carex, which has many different varieties or taller more feathery grasses like Pennisetum or Miscanthus (these need cutting back in Spring, so you get a good green regrowth). A real favourite which is low growing and hardy is Festuca which also has lots of varieties, including the lovely ‘Elijah Blue’.
The great thing about grasses is that they move with the wind. Like all of the structural plants I have listed here, you are looking for plants that won’t be damaged by the wind. So grasses are the perfect companions for other plants in your balcony planters.
Woody herbs are also fantastic for growing in a balcony container. Different varieties of thyme will do well all year round, along with marjoram, rosemary and sage.
Plants for seasonal colour
Now it’s summer you can start to think about flowering species that will give you some colour and fragrance planted among your other plants. They say in container gardening that you should always have a range of ‘fillers, thrillers and spillers’! The structural evergreen plants in your balcony planters are the fillers. So by now you can be adding in some spillers. Try trailing species like Bacopa or Convovulus or even different varieties of Ivy to add some interest. These will hang over the side of the planter, softening the edges and giving you the sense of movement you’d get in a garden.
You can also plant more fragrant plants like Salvias, scented Pelargoniums (Geraniums) which are fairly robust. Then you have a host of bedding plants, beautiful trailing, flowering plants. These will keep flowering throughout the summer. But you will need to keep nipping off the dead heads once these have died. You can try Violas, Pansies, Petunias, Campanulas and all sorts of other plants to bring seasonal colour to your balcony planters.
Other plants on your balcony
Then there are the kinds of plants you might need in really high up, exposed balcony planters. You might be looking more for the effect of having green things growing outside but that won’t need much care. These will be plants like Sempervirens (succulent plants) and alpines which grow on mountainsides.
Succulents are particularly robust and used to surviving in most conditions. From dry exposed sunny balconies and terraces to more shady spaces, you will find succulent plants that will survive happily.
Alpines are low growing, often tiny versions of bigger varieties that grow in gardens. They are traditionally the plants that were used in rockeries. But they are perfect plants for balcony planters in exposed conditions. Just think about where they are used to growing, thousands of metres high in mountainous regions. You can find specialist plant suppliers for alpines. I recommend Slacktop Nurseries.
Philip’s Website: Balcon.me
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